Commonly known as the flu, influenza is a viral respiratory infection. It affects people of all ages but children, whose immune systems are not fully mature, may be more susceptible to complications such as pneumonia. The flu season in Singapore are generally between April and July and November and January.

Symptoms: Classic symptoms include fever, sore throat, muscle aches, headache, coughing and fatigue. Stomach conditions such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhea are more commonly seen in children than in adults.

Is it the flu or just a common cold? Both the flu and the common cold are respiratory illnesses, but generally, the effects of the flu are more severe than those of a cold. A high fever is usually a sign that your child is suffering from flu and not a cold. Other identifying signs include severe muscle aches and exhaustion.

Treatment: These include antiviral medications such as Tamiflu, paracetamol or other analgesics can be taken to ease muscular pains and fever. Cough suppressants and mucus-reducing anti-histamines may also be prescribed. Antibiotics are only effective against bacterial infections that arise from complications such as pneumonia.

Prevention: Flu vaccinations can be obtained annually at major healthcare centres and clinics. Good hygiene practices can help reduce viral transmissions.

More information’s to be found:


IndiaNational Health Portal